
Zubov Vladimir Ivanovich
(14.04.1930 – 28.10.2000)
Founder of the ScienceEducation Center of Applied Mathematics of
SaintPetersburg state university, Corresponding Member of Russian
Academy of Sciences, laureate of the State Prize, Honored Science Worker
of Russian Federation, doctor of physicalmathematical sciences,
professor, head of department of control theory.

Brief History
In September 1969 in Leningrad state university (nowadays – SaintPetersburg
state university) the Scienceeducational center (SEC) of applied mathematics
and control processes was organized and faculty of applied mathematics – control
processes (AMCP) was opened – the first structural Center’s subdivision. In May
1971 as a part of SEC the Scientific research institute of applied mathematics
and control processes was opened (nowadays – SaintPetersburg state university’s
Scientific research institute of applied mathematics and control processes in
name of V.I.Zubov). It was a time of rapid development of cosmic engineering,
space near Earth assimilation, long distance piloted and not piloted automatic
flights to the objects of Sun system, and, of course, it was a time applied
mathematics methods development and integration into all these fields.
Earlier than 200 B.C. great Archimedes claimed, that he can rotate the Earth
sphere, if he gain the foothold. Idea of space body rotation with help of
“lever” was found to be rational. Scientists and engineers of SEC realized it by
building the relative movement, whose result provides the appearance of Coriolos
forces and moments, which really control the rotating movement of space
apparatuses without the considerable mass outlay.
Many generations of remarkable scientists studied electrical phenomenon in
nature, trying to control such occurrences. Scientists and engineers of SEC
created the methods of charged particles wisps control with help of
electromagnetic field, solved the problem of wisp’s transportation in proposed
physical channel, it’s focusing and hastening. One more step – and the fireball
will submit to science’s will. Scientists can control it, but still not posses
it’s creation.
Many thousands of years humanity spent for developing of ship and airplane
navigation methods. Scientists and engineers of SEC created methods which allow
to control the position of moving objects and methods of space equipment and
other sky objects control, arming sky ballistics and space dynamics with
scientific devices and automats.
10th of October 1969 – the day of council’s first meeting is decided to be the
birth date of APMP faculty. Vladimir Ivanovich Zubov, professor and doctor of
physical and mathematical sciences was appointed to fulfil the duties of AMCP
faculty dean. At the same time the content of temporary studymethodical council
was affirmed under the chairmanship of Valentin Valentinovich Novozhilov,
academician of AS (Academy of Sciences) USSR, member of Royal society of ship
engineers (Great Britain). The members of temporary studymethodical council
were: A.N.Tikhonov, academician of AS USSR, member of Berlin and Paris
academies, Y.V. Linnik, academician of AS USSR, member of Swedish academy,
N.N.Krasovsky, academician of AS USSR, N.P.Erugin, AS BSSR institute of
mathematics principal, academician of AS BSSR, N.N.Moiseev, academician of AS
USSR, professor G.I.Makarov, professor V.I.Zubov, professor V.S.Novoselov,
professor K.F.Chernih, lecturer N.M.Matveev, lecturer V.P.Skitovich, lecturer
N.E.Kirin (the secretary of council), representatives of armed forces professor
R.A.Nelepin and professor N.G.Barinov.
Council resolved to open 14 chair in AMCP faculty. The idea was to touch all
most perspective directions of newest technologies and methods development. Time
of SEC organization concurred with the time of active integration of computer
technologies into all branches of science and engineering, so the questions of
complex systems mathematical modeling and computer studying of such models came
to first sight.
Control theory chair, headed by professor V.I.Zubov became the base chair of
AMCP faculty (with control, navigation and reliability as the main scientific
directions). Ideas and methods of his world famous monograph “Methods of
Lyapunov and their application” were used in 1962 as a basis of laboratory of
devices and mechanisms control theory, and then, in 1968, on its fundament chair
of control theory was created. Many employees and aspirants of this chair became
later famous scientists, heads of chairs in Leningrad university and other
institutes of higher education.
In 1968 V.I.Zubov became the laureate of USSR state reward for his cycle of
works about the automatic regulation theory. Giving him the State reward,
president of AS USSR academician Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldish marked: “Works
of Vladimir Ivanovich Zubov got wide fame in our country and abroad. His deep
research of movement stability theory, theory of automatic control and theory of
optimal processes allows to solve significant applied problems, exactly in area
of constructing control automats, stabilizing program moves. Zubov’s methods are
effective also when applied to problems of control, which appear in industry,
mathematical economics, biology and medicine, ship navigation” (“Pravda”
newspaper, 9th of November 1968, article “In forefront of technical
progress”).
26th of May 1971 the decision was made to create as a part of Leningrad
university the Scientific research institute of calculation mathematics and
control processes (SRI of CM and CP in name of V.I.Zubov) and as a part of AMCP
faculty the special 3years faculty to train and retrain applied mathematics
specialists. These divisions became part of Studyeducation center AMCP. Center
was given a task of realizing scientific research, training and retraining
specialist of higher qualification in complex problems of science in accordance
with main scientific directions:
• Creation of mathematical software for computers and computer complexes;
• Creation of mathematical software for automated and automatic control systems;
• Realization of research and development in area of technical objects and
technological processes control automation in special branches of machine
building based on computer usage;
So, by 1972 the formation of SEC AMCP LSU has been almost finished,
including:
• Faculty of applied mathematics – control processes (nowadays – 17 chairs),
• Science research institute of applied mathematics and control processes (13
science research laboratories),
• Special faculty for training and retraining specialists of applied mathematics
– control processes.
In 1997 V.I.Zubov Science School “Control processes and stability” achieved the
grant of President of Russian Federation for state support of Russian leading
scientific schools.
At the same time grant of President of Russian Federation for state support of
Russian leading scientific schools achieved the K.F.Chernih Science School
“Nonlinear problems of mechanics and solid body physics”, founded by
V.V.Novozhilov, academician of AS USSR.
Since 1962 next subjects were developed by the scientists of Center of applied
mathematics – control processes:
• Mathematical theory of rotation movement control and system of orientation for
“Proton”kind satellites, moving objects like moon trolley, “Vega”stations,
etc.;
• Mathematical theory of navigating software based on fundamental complexing of
different navigation devices for precision definition of orientation and
position control for flying and underwater apparatuses;
• Mathematical theory of wisps of charged particles control, which solves the
problem of transporting, focusing and hastening ion wisps while creating electro
physical equipment of different purpose;
• Mathematical methods of power and stocks allocation into branches of national
economy, including ways of improving cattlebreeding and plantgrowing branches
allocation.
• Program of tomorrow nuclearhydrogenous power engineering, including creating
of underground nuclearhydrogenous stations net for producing electrical energy,
hydrogen as an energycarrier and oxygen for supply of vital activity of plants,
animals and for improving sanitary conditions of habitat (this provides
exclusive cycle of waste utilization and achievement of safety level three times
higher than safety level of overground stations);
• Science complex of medical and biological problems research was created based
on SRI and city medical centers in area of functional systems diagnostics,
biochemistry and monitoring;
• Nonlinear theory of singular featured bodies resilience, with new models of
rods, plates and envelopes.
By the Government resolutions Center of AMCP was many times tasked to realize
unique scientific researches in developing mathematical problems of technical
objects and technological processes control processes, in developing of power
and stocks allocation methods.
As a part of federal aim “Integration” program the development and support of
SEC is realized in questions of “Applied mathematics – control processes and
physictechnical problems of ecologically pure power engineering”.
One of the most important directions of SEC is the development of international
community and cooperation based on intergovernmental scientific programs and
joint scientific projects. Among the partners of SEC of AMCP, with reached
mutual close and resulting scientific contacts, there are world famous
universities and acknowledged science research centers: Heidelberg, Hanover,
Hamburg and Leipzig universities (Germany); Barcelona university (Spain);
Stockholm university (Sweden); universities of Bologna (Italy), Lozano
(Switzerland); Cambridge (Great Britain), California and Michigan universities
(USA); university of Seoul (South Korea); Oriente university (Cuba); Osaka
university, National laboratory of higher energies physics (Japan) and
other.
Since 1990 international conferences and symposiums are realized regularly based
on SEC AMCP:
1991 – Interregional hydrogen technology and power engineering meeting.
1994 – 1998 – Annual international conference of wisps dynamics and optimization
(BDO). During this conference year by year the scientific fundament is worked
out for solving problems, connected with creation for modern hastening
installations, which can be used in creating underground nuclearhydrogenous
complexes and other energysystems based on hydrogen.
In 1999 the Third International hydrogen power engineering and technology
symposium (HYPOTHESISIII) was leaded based on SEC AMCP as a part of
“Integration” program. More than 200 Russian and about 100 foreign scientists
took part in Symposium work. As a part of Symposium the school for young
scientists, aspirants and students called “Applied mathematics – control
processes and physical and technical problems of ecologically pure power
engineering” was realized.
Every year more than 70 works based on SEC AMCP subject are made at
International conferences and symposiums, including works of plenary reports
level. More than 300 monographs was published by the SEC scientists since the
day of its organization, also the larger part of them was published abroad. More
than 6 thousand of articles have been published.
More than 40 doctors and 130 candidates of sciences teach at the AMCP faculty
and carry on scientific research of SRI of CM and CP in name of V.I.Zubov
subject.
Active scientific work of the collective is used as a fundament of learning
process in the Center of AMCP. In their work the scientists are guided by the
theory of common linear and nonlinear differential equations and differential
equations in partial derivatives. The main methods of research are connected
with qualitative, analytical and numeral ways of such equation analysis.
Complex laboratory works, in which the mathematical modeling theory, laws of
natural science and computers are connected, are used in learning process. The
same aim is pursued by the students’ diploma works and aspirants’ dissertational
research. State mathematics exams also strive the aim of systematic training.
State attestation commission of AMCP faculty is traditionally headed by
remarkable scientists: academician Y.P.Osipov, academician N.S.Solomenko,
corresponding member of RAS B.K.Abalakin and others. At the early stage of
studying students are involved into the work of SRI in different scientific
problems. Center aspirants are involved into the scientific work in the SRI too.
Their part in scientific research creates very valuable reserve for scientific
collective and increases the quality of learning process. Best of finalyear
students are being recommended to postgraduate work and usually stay for the
work in the Center.
Science personnel of SRI of CM and CP, scientists and practical workers of
academic and branches’ SRI and construction bureaus take part in learning
process side by side with professors and lecturers. This provides the constant
connection between the Center and SRI, construction bureaus and industrial
enterprises. All finalyear works are connected with solution of applied
mathematics fundamental problems. Teachers of AMCP faculty at the same time
continue to be the personnel of SRI of calculating mathematics and control
processes, they work as the study supervisors, executive officials or
participants of fundamental research, realized in the institute.
Starting for 3th grade, students are assigned to the chairs. So there is one
doctor or candidate of sciences for each three students. High level of
scientific study supervising is displayed in diploma works, which in many cases
are being recommended for publishing and become later the basis of
dissertational research. Student get the publications during the learning
process and work in institute subject.
Doctor of physicmathematical sciences, professor L.A.Petrosyan, who heads the
chair of mathematical theory of games and statistical solutions, has been
working since 1975 till nowadays as the dean of AMCP faculty.
Doctor of physicmathematical sciences, professor D.A.Ovsyannikov, who heads the
chair of electrophysical apparatus control systems theory and the laboratory of
numeral analysis methods, works as the principal of SRI of CM and CP in name of
V.I.Zubov.
Candidate of physicmathematical sciences, lecturer A.V.Zubov, the chair of
microprocessor control systems mathematical theory lecturer, had been working as
the dean of special AMCP faculty from 1994 to 2001.
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